Deal with it

Published on March 26th, 2014

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Know the causes of brain diseases

We often ignore the signs and symptoms of brain disorders, to disastrous consequences. Ignore these brain diseases at your peril.

Brain diseases are one of the most complex ailments known to medical science. Be it Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s or even a haemorrhage, their results are often debilitating and the consequences can be fatal. With heart ailments and diabetes cornering the world’s attention, brain diseases are often relegated to the sidelines.

Often, with our fast-paced lives in the city, we don’t take corrective measures until it is too late. Brain disorders do not discriminate on the basis of age and sex. By being aware of the causes of brain diseases, you can take actions to safeguard yourself.

Known causes of brain disorders:

Blunt trauma. Though powerful, the brain is actually a delicate organ. Blunt force attacks against the brain are one of the leading causes of brain damage. A forceful injury can damage the brain and its tissues. The nerve cells responsible for transmitting the information from the brain to the whole body are also affected. Significant damage can alter the ways the brain functions and communicate with other body parts.

Degenerative conditions. Many brain disorders attack as you age and hinder your cognitive abilities. Examples include Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. While there is no definitive cure for them, maintaining a healthy lifestyle may prolong their onset. Some of them are even hereditary and can affect small children as well. Examples of such diseases include Tay-Sachs disease. A child’s mental and physical capabilities are affected by such ailments.

Infections. There are infections that originate from one part of the body and spread to the brain. Such infections are the number one cause of human mortality rates amongst brain disorder ailments. Once the infection reaches the brain, the case is usually referred to an expert brain specialist or neuro surgeons. Some examples of brain infection include meningitis and encephalitis.

Seizures. There are many factors that contribute to seizures. It can be in the form of infecting bacteria like tapeworm, high blood pressure, strokes and even lack of blood circulation in the brain. Seizures are often debilitating and can lead to fatal consequences if medication is not taken immediately. The incidences of seizures are higher in developing countries than in developed ones. Seizures create a sudden interruption of the blood supply to the brain and increase the pressure on certain areas.

Drug overdose. Overdosing on drugs can create brain disorder symptoms. Even withdrawal symptoms are seen to have a negative effect on the brain. For example, antidepressants addict report the highest number of seizures and the resultant brain damages. If you are consuming drugs like cocaine, now would be the best time to quit using them.

The above five causes show how brain diseases develop. Let this knowledge be a guiding light for you to stay healthy, mentally and physically.

(Picture courtesy news.emory.edu)

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